Disaster and Climate Change Countermeasures Using Earth Observation Satellite (Vietnam)
Space and AviationClimate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction
Southeast and South Asia
||Vietnam National Space Center VNSC, Japan International Cooperation Agency
The diverse climate and landscape of Vietnam renders it vulnerable to various natural disasters. Serious damage to valuable assets (the equivalent of approximately 1.5% of annual GDP) has been incurred, and over 400 people lose their lives each year. To improve this situation, disaster monitoring using Earth observation data is indispensable; however, Vietnam currently obtains its data from foreign sources, leading to delays and high costs. This situation hinders effective monitoring and management. To more promptly and accurately access earth observation data, it is imperative for Vietnam to develop the facilities and technology to operate its own earth observation satellites.
Procurement Assistance – Phases 1 & 2 (1: 2013-2015; 2: 2015-2019):
The major objectives of this assistance included updating the project plan to provide the Vietnam National Space Center (VNSC) with technical assistance for the procurement process of target components, to provide side support of relevant contractual formalities and arrangement for VNSC personnel to study in Japan, and to provide coordination support for micro-satellite development, which will be conducted in Japan through cooperation with Japanese universities, including assistance for contractual procedures of sponsored research agreement and procedures for export control of key technologies.
Detailed Design (2011-2013):
Organization and management of the team for satellite, equipment for satellite operation and utilization, facility and capacity development during the whole study period. Updated the design of the satellite and equipment for satellite development and operation and data utilization. Identification of natural and social environmental considerations. Preparation of project schedule and cost estimation for design, procurement, construction of the facility to the launching of satellites.
Preparatory Survey (2010-2011):
The objectives of this survey were: i) to examine the current situation and development plans of earth observation systems for disaster mitigation in Vietnam, ii) to refine the development effects and feasibility of the Project, and iii) to examine the adequacy of the Project as a JICA Loan Project.